Sociology as a Science and its relation to other Social Sciences


Sociology is the study of society and its components as a whole. It studies the various human social behaviours, the factors responsible for such behaviours, the social institutions and the culture that influences our everyday life.

Sociology studies about the various factors that have contributed to the society changing over time. Sociology students have to study about these concepts, their theories and then encounter the case studies.

Therefore multiple things have to be studied by students at a go which makes them go for assignment help. In fact students who have just started studying about sociological concepts in school, require more help with the subject.

The complex definitions and theories may tend to confuse them and they require help in homework.

Before we understand sociology as a science, let us understand the basic concepts of sociology:

1.   Society:

 This is the unit of study of sociology. Society is the collection of individuals, groups, the institutions, the culture and their influences on the individuals.

2.   Social Institution:

They are the patterns and integrated set of social norms that preserve the basic societal value. They can be family, state, religion, government, economy, etc. All these institutions have a value that they must preserve so that the society can work in a balanced manner.

3.   Social Factors:

These are the factors in the society that result in affecting the behaviour of individuals and also contribute to social change. Here the institutions have an impact on each other to contribute to the social change.

4.   Social Change:

These are the changes in the human interaction pattern in the society resulting from the change in other sociological aspects. These changes are usually long-term in nature but may be sometimes short-term.

5.   Sociological Perspective:

This states that the society we live in impacts our nature, behaviour and attitudes towards others and the society as a whole. Therefore it states that we are just not individuals but social being.

6.   Social Structure:

This is the arrangement of various institutions in the society in order of their interaction with each other.

7.   Social Function:

These are the acts that contribute to the continuous maintenance of the social systems.

8.   Social Mobility:

It refers to the movement of individuals from one strata of the society to another. The movement can be vertical (from one class to another) or horizontal (from one place to another).

Science is a branch of study that basis its concepts on experiments thereby giving the theories. It contains facts and truths that shows the operation of general laws. The knowledge od Science is applied through observation, experimentation and then generalization. Science has the following characteristics:

  1. It is objective- facts and definitions do not change according to the views of the people.
  2. It is based on observation.
  3. It results in accurate prediction based on theories.
  4. Experimentation, and
  5. Cause and effect relationship

Sociology is a Science since it adopts and applies all these mentioned scientific methods and concepts, as said by Emile Durkheim and Auguste Comte.

Sociology makes accurate predictions based on the experiments conducted by students, the predictions are then generalized as are scientific concepts post their successful completion, objectivity too is possible in case of sociology, experiments justify the cause and effect relationship and the observations are accurate.

Auguste Comte was one such proponent of Sociology as a Science. He emphasized on the scientific treatment of human behaviour and societal patterns. According to Comte, what sociology will do for man as a social being, is similar to what biology does to man as a biological being.

But however hard we stress upon sociology as a Science, this feature of it faces certain challenges. There is lack of experimentation in sociology, thereby resulting in lack in objectivity and accurate predictions.

In a similar manner, science is related to other social sciences as well. Students who want to easily understand this concept without delving into the complex theories, must take baby steps so that it could give them help in homework

The following points can be referred to in order to understand sociology’s relation to other social sciences:

●     Sociology and Psychology:

 Psychology is the study of human behaviour and factors contributing to it. These factors are a resultant of social changes, social environment, culture, customs and affects of other social institutions.


Sociology studies the human behaviour in groups since it is a science of collective behaviour. Therefore each and every sociological phenomenon has a psychological basis.


●     Sociology and History:

History is the study of the past events. Sociology justifies the reasons that caused certain historical events and how it contributed to social, political and economic changes in society over time.

The history of the past customs enables sociologists to establish relationship between past, present and future. It also studies the class and caste barriers that were responsible for the then society.

Even sociology is used to such an extent in history that historians use it to study about the social causes of certain events in the past.

●     Sociology and Anthropology:

Anthropology is the study of the man and his behaviour. It studies the development of man on biological as well as cultural level. On the other hand sociology studies the behaviour of individuals in groups.

Thus both these sciences are inter-related. Also while sociology traces the origin of certain social institutions like family, religion, marriage, caste, etc., since man is the unit of all these institutions thus anthropology also finds its way through.

Therefore it becomes clear that sociology has importance that cannot be undermined. Its importance results into its complexities.

An easy way to understand sociology is linking it to our daily observations and then make conclusions. If students go this way, they will be able to understand the concepts and would not need assignment help.

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